Sleep Apnea – Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

sleep acnea

Sleep Apnea – Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Sleep Apnea Definition

Sleep Apnea is a serious sleep disorder that occurs when a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep. People with untreated sleep apnea stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep, sometimes hundreds of times.

This means the brain – and the rest of the body – may not get enough oxygen. Breathing devices such as continuous positive air pressure (CPAP) machines commonly known as Sleep Apnea Machine and lifestyle changes are common sleep apnea treatments.

Moreover, the undiagnosed or untreated condition can lead to serious complications such as heart attack, glaucoma, diabetes, cancer, and cognitive and behavioral disorders.

Though there is nothing to worry about as many treatment options like Therapies, lifestyle and home remedies are available about which we have discussed later. Apart from that, to completely rid of this condition Surgeries is the last option.

A doctor who is specialized in doing such surgeries is known as an ENT Specialist. However, if you are looking for an ENT Specialist in Patna Kankarbagh, then you must consult Dr. A P Shah.

This is because he is the best ENT Doctor in Patna, who is well versed in treating this condition and has done many surgeries before.



Sleep Apnea Symptoms

If left untreated, sleep apnea can increase the risk of health problems. Some of these signs and symptoms include:

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Strike
  • Heart Failure, Irregular Heartbeats, and Heart Attacks
  • Diabetes
  • Depression
  • Worsening of ADHD
  • Headaches

In addition, the untreated condition may also be responsible for poor performance in everyday activities, such as at work and school, motor vehicle crashes, and academic under-achievement in children and adolescents.



Types of Sleep Apnea

There are two types Sleep Apnea:

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

OSA is more common in the two forms of apnea. It happens due to a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep.

Central Sleep Apnea

Unlike Obstructive Sleep Apnea, the airway is not blocked. But the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe, due to instability in the respiratory control center.



Sleep Apnea Causes

Sleep apnea can be caused by a person’s physical structure or medical conditions. These include:

  • Obesity
  • Large Tonsils
  • Endocrine Disorders
  • Neuromuscular Disorders
  • Heart or Kidney Failure
  • Certain Genetic Syndromes
  • Premature Birth

Moreover, a Sleep Apnea Diagnosis is usually done on the basis of medical history, a physical exam, and results from a sleep study.

Furthermore, before diagnosing you with sleep apnea, your doctor will rule out other medical reasons or conditions that may be causing your signs and symptoms.



Sleep Apnea Treatment 

Treatment for Sleep Apnea includes lifestyle changes, such as losing weight or changing sleep positions, medical devices like Sleep Apnea Machines, or surgery.


Treatment at Home

You may be able to treat mild conditions with some lifestyle changes. But doctors may recommend:

  • Lose weight
  • Not use alcohol and sleeping pills
  • Change sleep positions to improve breathing
  • Stop smoking as it can increase swelling in the upper airway, which may make both snoring and apnea worse.



  • Positive airway pressure. If you have an OSA, you may benefit from positive airway pressure. In this treatment, a machine delivers air pressure through a piece that fits into your nose. Or is placed over your nose and mouth while you sleep.
  • Mouthpiece (oral device).Though positive airway pressure is often an effective treatment, oral appliances are an alternative for some people with mild or moderate OSA. These devices may reduce your sleepiness and improve your quality of life.


Surgeries or Other Procedures

Doctors recommend surgery only if therapies haven’t been effective or haven’t been appropriate options for you. Surgical options may include:

  • Surgical removal of tissue
  • Upper airway stimulation
  • Jaw surgery (maxillomandibular advancement)
  • Surgical opening in the neck
  • Implants

Moreover, other types of surgery may help reduce snoring along with this condition by clearing or enlarging air passages, including:

  • Nasal surgery to remove polyps or straighten a crooked partition between your nostrils (deviated septum)
  • Surgery to remove enlarged tonsils or adenoids


Lifestyle and Home Remedies

In most cases, self-care may be the most appropriate way for dealing with OSA. Try these tips:

  • Lose weight
  • Exercise
  • Avoid alcohol and medication such as anti-anxiety drugs and sleeping pills
  • Sleep on your side or stomach rather than your back
  • Keep your nasal passage open while you sleep

However, most of the time surgeries are the last option to completely cure this condition. And to do this looking for ENT Surgeon Patna is the last option.



Dr. A P Shah | Top ENT Specialist in Patna

Being the Top ENT Specialist in Patna, Dr. A P Shah is dedicated to providing excellence in standard of care for children and adults having ENT disorders and diseases. He believes that the quality of healthcare is important and this is the reason he emphasizes providing quality Healthcare services.

He practices at Maurya ENT Research Center, Best ENT Hospital in Patna, where surgeries with laser, microdebrider, and coblation are done. Also, his second “Advanced ENT and Head Neck Hospitals” at Begusarai has more facilities for ENT surgeries like rigid nasal endoscopy, fiber optic bronchoscopy, and laryngoscopy.

His multidisciplinary team comprises highly trained and experiences ENT experts. They make the best use of highly advanced and revolutionary medical technology and equipment to access, diagnose, and to treat patients.

So, if you are residing near Kankarbagh, and considering to undergo ENT Nose Surgery Patna, then you must consult Dr. A P Shah once…………………..


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