What Causes Your Eardrum to Rupture? – Ruptured Eardrum Symptoms and Surgery

What Causes Your Eardrum to Rupture

What Causes Your Eardrum to Rupture? – Ruptured Eardrum Symptoms and Surgery

Read this blog to know What Causes Your Eardrum to Rupture, Ruptured Eardrum Symptoms, and to know about Ruptured Eardrum Treatment. Also know what leads to Ruptured Eardrum Surgery………………….


A Ruptured Eardrum (tympanic membrane perforation) is a hole or tear in the thin tissue that separates your ear canal from your middle ear (eardrum). A ruptured eardrum can result in hearing loss. It can also make your middle ear vulnerable to infections.

A ruptured eardrum usually heals within a few weeks without treatment. But sometimes it requires a patch or surgical repair to heal.


Ruptured Eardrum Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a ruptured eardrum may include:

  • Ear pain that may subside quickly
  • Mucus like, pus-filled or bloody drainage from your ear
  • Hearing loss
  • Ringing in your ear (tinnitus)
  • Spinning sensation (vertigo)
  • Nausea or vomiting that can result from vertigo


Thus, if anyone experience the above mentioned symptoms, then he/she should consult an ENT Specialist as soon as possible. And if looking for an ENT Doctor in Patna, then you must consult Dr. A P Shah.

This is because he has performed many ear-related surgeries with high success rate. Along with surgeries he also accompany with post-operative process at very low surgery cost.



What Causes Your Eardrum To Rupture?

Causes of ruptured eardrum include:

Middle Ear Infection

Middle ear infection often results in the accumulation of fluids in the middle ear. Pressure from these fluids can cause the eardrum to rupture.



Barotrauma is stress exerted on the eardrum when the sir pressure in the middle ear and the air pressure in the environment are out of balance. If the pressure is severe, the eardrum can rupture. Barotrauma is most often caused by air pressure changes associated with air travel.

Other events that can cause sudden changes in pressure – and possibly a ruptured eardrum – include scuba diving and a direct blow to the ear, such as the impact of an automobile air bag.


Loud Sounds or Blasts

A loud sound or blast, as from an explosion or gunshot – essentially an overpowering sound wave – can rarely cause a tear to the eardrum.


Foreign Objects in Your Ear

Small objects, such as a cotton swab or hairpin, can puncture or tear the eardrum.


Severe Head Trauma 

Severe injury, such as a skull base fracture, may cause the dislocation or damage to middle and inner ear structures, including the eardrum.

So, here ends the section for What Causes Your Eardrum to Rupture? Let’s move to the next section to know about Ruptured Eardrum Treatment.



Ruptured Eardrum Treatment

Treatment for eardrum rupture are mainly designed to relieve Ruptured Eardrum Pain Scale, Ruptured Eardrum Bleeding and to eliminate or prevent infection.



If the ear does not heal on its own, the doctor may patch the eardrum. Patching involves placing a medicated paper patch over the tear in the membrane. The patch encourages the membrane to grow back together.



Antibiotics can clear up infections that might have led to the eardrum rupture. They also protect from developing new infections from the perforation. The doctor may prescribe oral antibiotics or medicated eardrops. One may also be told to use both forms of medications.


Ruptured Eardrum Surgery 

In rare cases, surgery may be required to patch the hole in the eardrum. A surgical repair of the eardrum is called Tympanoplasty. During this surgery, the surgeon takes tissue from another area of the body and grafts it onto the hole in the eardrum.


Home Remedies

At home also one can ease the pain of a ruptured eardrum with heat and pain relievers. Placing a warm, dry compressor on ear several times a day can help.

Then promote healing by not blowing the nose any more than absolutely necessary as blowing nose can create pressure in the ears. Trying to clear the ears by holding the breath, blocking nose, and blowing also creates high pressure in the ears. This increased pressure can be painful and slow the eardrum healing.

This process can be complicated and tedious for people who are doing it for the first time. Therefore, it is recommended to look for an ENT Specialist for this process.

If you are looking for the Best ENT Specialist in Patna, then you must consult Dr. A P Shah. To know why he is the best read the last section of this blog.



Recovery from Eardrum Rupture

A ruptured eardrum often heals without any treatment. Most people with ruptured eardrums experience only temporary hearing loss. Many people want to know Ruptured Eardrum Hearing Loss How Long will it take? Here, is the answer to it.

Even without treatment, the eardrum should heal in few weeks. Therefore, one will usually be able to leave the hospital within one to two days of an eardrum surgery. Full recovery, especially after treatment or surgical procedures, typically occurs within eight weeks.

Here are some common FAQs that people are eager to know about:


Should You Sleep On The Side Of a Ruptured Eardrum?

Doctors generally suggest to sleep on the side of healthy ear as it is more comfortable and help drainage. Sleeping on the other ear may also doesn’t damage the surgical ear.


Can I Wear My Hearing Aid with a Ruptured Eardrum?

There are many successful users of hearing aids that have perforated eardrums. In itself, a perforation is not deleterious to the use of hearing aids but it is advised to first chat with your doctor. If appropriate, they will also be able to refer you for NHS hearing assessment.



Prevention of Future Ruptures

There are multiple things that you can do to prevent future ruptures:

  • Keep your ear dry to prevent further infection.
  • Gently stuff your ears with cotton when you bathe to prevent water from entering the ear canal.
  • Avoid swimming until your ear heals.
  • If you get an ear infection, get it treated right away.
  • Try to avoid flying in airplanes when you have a cold or sinus infection.
  • Use earplugs, chew gums, or force a yawn to keep your ear pressure stabilized.
  • Don’t use foreign objects to clean out extra earwax.
  • Wear earplugs when you know that you’ll be exposed to a lot of noise, such as around loud machines or at concerts and construction sites.


Eardrum ruptures can be easily prevented if you protect your hearing and avoid injury or putting objects in your ear. Many infections that cause ruptures can be treated at home with rest and by protecting your ears.

However, see an ENT Specialist if you notice discharge from your ear or you experience severe ear pain for more than a few days. There are plenty of successful diagnostic and treatment options for ruptured eardrums.


Dr. A P Shah | Best ENT Doctor in Kankarbagh Patna

Being the Top ENT Surgeon Patna, Dr. A P Shah is dedicated to providing excellence in standard of care for children and adults having ENT disorders and diseases. He believes that quality of healthcare is important and this is the reason he emphasis on providing quality Healthcare services.

He practices at Maurya ENT Research Center, ENT Hospital and Research Centre Patna, where surgeries with laser, microdebrider, and coblation are done. Also his second “Advanced ENT and Head Neck Hospitals” at Begusarai has more facilities for ENT surgeries like rigid nasal endoscopy, fiber optic bronchoscopy, and laryngoscopy.

His multidisciplinary team comprises of highly trained and experiences ENT experts. They make best use of highly advanced and revolutionary medical technology and equipment to access, diagnose, and to treat patients.

So, if you are residing near Kankarbagh, and considering to undergo Eardrum Rupture Surgery, then you must consult Dr. A P Shah.

Here, ends the blog for What Causes Your Eardrum to Rupture? We hope you enjoyed reading this blog and found this blog informative.

Till Then, Stay Tuned, as we will be back with more such beneficial blogs……………………………..


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